There are three laws of dog training; whether you are using positive reinforcement (Clicker training) or punishment based methods, these basic rules remain the same.
The THREE FUNDIMENTAL RULES OF LEARNING are:-
If you rewarded good behaviour it will get repeated. If you ignored bad behaviour, it will stop. When a behaviour is in place, if you vary the rewards or treats, the behaviour will be reinforced. Whenever we try to alter behaviour we use these rules, whether we know it or not. The goal of training using positive reinforcement is to get what we want faster and without causing distress. The first rule of positive reinforcement dog training is first and foremost, we do not harm the dog.
Operant Conditioning (Clicker training) Tips
You must have good timing. Be clear and consistent with your signals. Give the correct rate of reinforcement.
By mastering these three simple things you become a competent handler for your dog. Your dog will know that you are somebody to trust and reliable.
Be sure to train for a few minutes every day and you will have a friend for life, take every opportunity to lay down the foundation behaviours such as the basic commands of “Stay” “ Sit” “Lie down” and social training such as walking on a loose leash, using only positive training techniques.
THE PREMACK PRINCIPLE which was developed by David Premack
David Premack said "High probability behaviour reinforces low probability behaviour".
Essentially this means “If you eat your vegetables you can have a dessert”.
To understand this in terms of dog training High Probability Behaviours are What Your Dog Wants and Low Probability Behaviours are what you want.
For example, when you and your dog are walking on a lead and he sees his friend ‘Duke’ (his playmate) running on the grass chasing sticks and playing free, your dog wants to go and join in the fun (the dessert) and starts tugging on the lead. You control access to the fun your dog wants. Wait for your dog to stops tugging on the lead and then ask him do perform a standard command (the vegetables) sit, then click it, and let your dog go. No other reward is needed, he got what he wanted and so did you.
Good training is based on clear communication with no ambiguity or uncertainty about what exactly earned the reward. So training is about providing information to dogs so they can perform the desired behaviour on their own, the clearer this information is the better the training will proceed.
The power of clicker training comes from one basic element: communication. The click provides the clearest, unambiguous communication, telling the dog the exact behaviour that earned him the reward.